3 players are front row players and 3 of them
are back row players.
has a different color jersey
and is only allowed to play in the
Team is allowed to use a libero player (back
row player, defensive specialist) who wears different color
Each team is allowed to have maximum of three
touches before hitting the ball over the net. (EXCEPTION: block does
not count as a touch)
Same player can not hit the ball twice in a row
(EXCEPTION I: block doesn’t count a touch.)
Back row players can not attack the ball front
row. If they attack, they have to perform the jump behind the attack
line (10 feet line, 3 meter line).
IMPORTANT! The ball has to be completely
above the net for it to be an illegal attack
It is ALLOWED to play the ball off the net.
is a fault, if the ball contacts net outside antennas.
The ball has to travel between the antennas
the imagined extensions of them) when flying to the other side of the
Referee calls the ball “IN”, if any part of
hits the lines. (Imagine the ball is painted. If the ball left a mark
that touches the lines, the ball is judged IN)
Referee calls the ball in if any part of it hits the lines.
Ball is ruled OUT, if
the ball lands outside the boundary lines
(without touching the opponent)
The ball hits the antenna
any of the net or cables outside the
a referee stand or poles or the ceiling
(EXPECTION: in high school, club or college volleyball in United States
it is allowed to play after ball hits the ceiling)
Players are NOT allowed to catch, hold or
Players are NOT allowed to hit or block the
Attacking ball which is coming over the net
ILLEGAL, if it has NOT broken the plane of the net.
In other words
the player is ALLOWED to swing the ball when it breaks the plane of the
changed basic volleyball rules
Let serve is
allowed. In other words the ball can touch the net on the serve.
Players CAN double hit the ball when digging it. Kicking is allowed.
A point is
followed after each serve. (Earlier you had a chance to get a
point only after your own
One of the
back row players can be substituted to a libero who is a back row
specialist with unlimited subs. The libero can enter and exit the game
between each serve without coach requesting a sub.
allowed to serve the ball any place behind the backline. (Earlier there
was a serving area in the corner of the court)
ALLOWED to double hit the ball on the first contact, for example when
1) serve receive, or 2) dig the ball
(Since this rule change passing overhead
has become commonly used method to pass the ball. Earlier it was often
called a false hit, double hit)
It is LEGAL
to hit the ball with any part of the body, the foot and leg included.
(Earlier it was a mistake to kick the ball.)
Basic Volleyball Rules Violations
The back row player
performs the attack front
(It is ILLEGAL for the back row player to step on the attack line when
The back row player
blocks the ball (the player
any part of the body above the net and touching the ball)
This referee just called a touch on the block or defender.
The player double
contacts the ball when setting
the ball (you CAN NOT double hit the ball when setting it)
the net while the ball is in
(EXCEPTION: if the ball is hit the net and it pushes the net to
the opposing player)
Stepping on the
back line when serving the
the net to block the ball is
ALLOWED, if the other side as used all the three touches. It is a
if opposing team has not used all the touches (and there is somebody
trying to make a play there.)
How to Use
of Volleyball for Your Advantage?
To read about how to use these basic volleyball rules to your advantage
in the match, click
These rules of volleyball give you understandable
descriptions and help you to use rules for your own benefit on the
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