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Understanding Volleyball Court Positions



Explore easy to understand volleyball court positions information. You'll find simple information how to line up players on the volleyball court.

Volleyball Positions on the Court

Players form "couples"

To keep things simple, imagine there a pair for each player on the court - players form "couples".

On the following picture, position 4 player (left front, LF) couples with
  • position 3 player (middle front, MF) and
  • position 5 player (left back, LB).


playing positions for volleyball


How to measure volleyball court positions between two players?

Location of the players is measured by the sideline or centerline. Some part of the body (usually foot) has to touch the ground closer than couple's part of the body.


Example of Volleyball Court Positions

Now look at the picture above or the picture below – these following rules has to be followed:

To keep things legal on the serve moment, position 4 player (LF) needs to be placed
  • on the left side of the position 3 player (MF, middle front) AND
  • in front of the position 5 player (LB, left back)


In the following picture you’ll see those couples in the serve receive line up. As you can see both of those requirements are filled, therefore this serve receive lineup is legal.


volleyball court positions



Correct or Fault Volleyball Positions?

The following pictures show you how those “couples” should locate themselves to the court.

If line up is legal the picture states “correct”. If there is something illegal, picture states “fault”.

Picture 1

volleyball player positions

Fault. The reason why: front row player is not in front of the back row player. They are side to side – front row player needs to be ahead.

Picture 2

six positions of volleyball

Fault. The reason why: Back Row player is in front of the Front Row Player.

Picture 3

volleyball positions

Correct. Front row player is correctly placed. The reason why: Front Row player is in front of Back Row player.

Picture 4

6 positions of volleyball

Correct. The reason why: Left Front player is placed on the left side of the Middle Front player – and Right Front player is placed on the right side of the Middle Front player.


Picture 5

volleyball rotations

Correct. For the same reason than in the previous picture. The reason why: Left Front player is placed on the left side of the Middle Front player – and Right Front player is placed on the right side of the Middle Front player.


Picture 6

6 positions of volleyball court

Fault. The reason why: Left Front player needs to be on the left side of the Middle Front player.


Picture 7

six positions of volleyball court

Fault. The reason why: Right Back player needs to be on the right side of the Middle Back Player.








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