Volleyball Rules - Recently Changed Rules of Volleyball
Read about basic volleyball rules that have been changed recently.
Simple and easy to understand rules for fans and players.
Volleyball Rules - Players in the team, Libero
The size of the team varies in different leagues, but most often team
can have 12 players on the roster.
One of the players is called a libero, defensive specialist who is
wearing different color shirt. (soon according to international rules
roster can include 14 players in international matches, 2 of them being
The court is divided to front row and back row. 3 of the players are
front row players and other 3 are back row players.
Players are rotating on the court clockwise (everytime team wins a
rally after opponent's serve.)
Libero is a player who plays on the back court only. Libero wears a
different color shirt.
Libero cannot serve as a captain, or team captain for the team.
Libero is NOT allowed to attack the ball (perform a swing above the net
Notice that libero is able to perform a swing,
if the ball is below the net. (You see younger junior teams using this
rule and placing the sets to the libero.)
One more time in other words: if the ball is completely above the net,
libero is not allowed to swing the ball over.
It is LEGAL, but still Libero should not finger set the ball in the
front row (inside 3 meter
or 10 feet hitting line) because after the set other players are NOT
ALLOWED to perform an attack.
When libero finger sets in front row, it
becomes a mistake if attacking player hits the ball, which is
completely above the net level. In other words if libero commits to
front row finger set, next player is NOT ALLOWED to attack the ball
above the net.
Bump set of the libero is allowed anywhere.
A substitution is not needed when placing a libero to the court. Libero
can enter and exit the court between the rallies. When libero exits the
court, libero needs to sit out one rally before entering in again.
Libero is not able to serve the ball according to international rules
(Some leagues in United States allow libero to serve).
- Scoring Changes
Scoring according to international volleyball rules:
Each game is played until
25 points, except the fifth game which is played until 15 points.
Difference of two points is required to the winning team, which means
the game cannot end 25-24, or 15-14. The game is played as long as
either team has a two point lead, which ends up the game. In United
States some leagues play the games until 30 points.
Rally scoring is in use. Point follows after each rally to the winning
team. (Before the rule changes a point was given only if the serving
team won the rally and the games were played until 15 points.)
Rules of Volleyball - Ball Handling
You must have read on “very basic volleyball rules” that same player
can not hit the ball twice in a row. (EXCEPTION I: block doesn’t count
It is important to notice that double hit or even various
contacts are ALLOWED on the first hit, for example on the defensive or
serve reception play (for example when ball hits the player first to
the arm and right after that to any part of the body).
Overhand serve receive or defensive play double hit is also ALLOWED.
Double hit on the set is ILLEGAL.
EXCEPTION: However, referee has a right to
allow a "bad" set, if the player is setting from extreme position (for
setting while diving).
Volleyball Rules - Reaching over the Net
Rules of Volleyball that most often cause confusion are the “reaching
the net” situations.
Attacker can hit the ball when is coming over
the net, when it breaks
the plane of the net (when a little piece of the ball is on attacker’s
IMPORTANT! If the ball breaks the plane of the
opponent’s setter is
setting the ball, opponent is ALLOWED to play the ball. The reason is
because the ball is on the plane, the ball is there for both teams to
play. (It is never a false for a blocker to touch the ball, if the ball
is on the plane of the net.)
In the last scenario if the setter is back
row player and both
players touch the ball at the same time, the back row setter performs
an ILLEGAL back row block.