Skills – the Basics of Volleyball
spike section of basic volleyball skills focuses
on few the most important aspects of hitting. Discover few the most
important factors in spiking.
of Volleyball Spike
player approaches the ball using basic four
(or three) step approach
to generate high forward speed. A player redirects that speed into the
upward energy by jumping up to the air. Created speed, arm action of
the jump and powerful jump are important factors in lifting the player
On the top of the reach player performs an arm
swing and uses her
middle body power (“abs crunch“) to add power to her swing. She swings
the ball over the net to desired target by hitting the ball with the
palm of her hand.
spike is usually performed on the third contact after the setter, the
playmaker of your team has set up the ball. The purpose of spike is to
score a point for your team and finish the ongoing rally, or at least
to make other team’s playmaking as difficult as possible. A spike could
be also called a hit, a swing or a shot.
spike is a very
complex skill and it takes a
lot of patience and
perseverance to master in it. A volleyball spike requires quickness,
agility, explosive power, strength, hand-eye coordination and whole-
Points in Volleyball Spike
develop a 4- step
approach. A right handed player takes a step
with a right foot (step 1), then another step with a left foot (step 2)
and finally ”the plant” (step 3 and 4) to perform a jump.
Timing. Start your approach by placing your
right foot (step 1) to the
ground when setter touches the ball. (This is a general rule for
hitting outside ball; it is depending on the speed of the set!!!
When spiking the ball player
should hit on the top of the ball to
create a top spin, which naturally curves the ball down to the court.
Skills – Important Volleyball Spike Tips
purpose of the first
two steps is to create
you forward speed. The
speed is very important factor pulling you higher up when you jump.
Work on developing your steps into a very smooth approach.
The second step, in other
words the step before the plant, is CRUCIAL
to develop the speed. You should really “push” it to generate the
Timing is usually very
challenging for starting volleyball players.
Especially in the beginning, it is difficult to know what is the right
moment to start approach. It might be frustrating because sometimes you
leave too early, sometimes too late.
A good general rule to get a
correct timing is to place your right foot
on the ground when the setter touches the ball. After that you just
take you step 2 with your left foot, and set up the plant (steps 3 and
4 next to each other) and take off to the air. (This general rule is
depending on the speed of the set!! On faster sets set up your left
foot on the ground when setter touches the ball.)
In the air focus on reaching
high and making a good contact to the
ball. Control beats the power when learning volleyball spike. Repeating
one controlled swing after another makes your spike more and more
natural. More natural it is, the more you have speed and power behind
To get a top spin, you have to
place your hand on the top of the ball.
If you place it to the middle of the ball, it will float. If you place
it on the bottom, it creates a down-spin. Place it on the top, you will
create a top-spin.