The basics of
volleyball serve will introduce some ideas to become an
efficient server. Discover important serving tips.
Serve - Purpose
The purpose of the volleyball serve is to make opposite team’s offense
as difficult as possible. A server can try to “ace” to get a straight
point or make a tactical serve to give advantage to your own defensive
A player hits the ball over the net
to specific location on the court using underhand serve, top-spin
serve, float serve, jump float or jump serve.
Serve – Rules
servers should release the ball into the
air before hitting the ball – it is illegal to hit the ball without
releasing it from the holding hand first.
player has to perform the serve behind the backline; a player can not
step on the line.
player serves, the feet must have last touched the ground inside the
sidelines, and of course not on the endline. A player can't step on the
backline when serving, but can step on the backline after the serve.
location of the ball on the serving moment does not matter, so
hypothetically a player can hit the ball outside the sidelines.
changed, let serve (ball hitting the tape, the top of the net and
landing to the opponent’s side inside the lines) has been legal.
Serving is the only moment of the game when you have a total control
over the ball. Be sure to take advantage of it – it can be your moment
Serve - Basic Tactics of Serving
Importance of a
serve has grown since volleyball started to use rally scoring. Games
are much tighter nowadays, teams are often separated by just couple of
points. Now your serve really matters because that’s a major weapon to
give your opponent hard time and prevent them scoring a point on their
Especially in the international high level
volleyball serving with risk has led to growing number of errors in a
game. There you have to take risk and serve hard, otherwise your
opponent will score a point against you.
coach used to tell us juniors “when playing against the best team in
the world, you might have a chance to score some points, if you serve
very aggressive and let yourself miss serves”. He continues: “However,
if you play against an easier team, there is no reason for the
aggressive serves and mistakes. You will score points with a moderate
serve; there is no need to be extra aggressive”.
When serving in the match you should first evaluate what serving
strategy gives the best chances to score points and win the game - then
proceed with it (in many teams the coach often guides how to serve).
Tips for Volleyball Serve
The purpose of the volleyball serve is to make
opposite team’s offense
difficult as possible.
Remember what serving strategy will give the
best chances to score
points and win the game.
When opponent’s offense is strong, it is
reasonable to take more risk
with serves. It is a fact that more difficult serves will most likely
increase the amount of serving errors. Those errors just need to be
accepted. However, more difficult serves will most likely to increase
the amount of bad passes, which can break down opponent’s passing and
damage their offense.
about the toss. An accurate and predicted toss reduces the misshits.
When practicing the certain serve, keep the
toss and your arm swing the
same when repeating the serve.
to become more accurate in that particular serve and put the serve into
your unconscious mind.
your eyes on
the ball at the moment you hit it.
Learn more than one serving style to give hard time for passers.
Learn serving tactics, how to serve to give the best opportunity to
score a point for your team.