Volleyball Passing Techniques – Various Passing Forms
Read about various volleyball passing techniques. We should
pass the ball in front of our hips, have a well balanced position and
our both feet on the ground, right? However, knowing only this
“standard” passing form isn’t enough. There are other passing
techniques we should learn about.
Volleyball Passing Techniques
Basic Stance – Volleyball Stance
Place your feet a little bit wider than your shoulders.
Drop your hips closer to the ground by bending your knees.
Shift your weight on the ball of your feet - if the weight is
totally on the heels you may find it difficult to move quickly.
Passing Stance - Arms Unattached
When preparing to pass (or to play defense) keep your arms
Keep your arms bent in around 90-145 degree angle.
arms/hands somewhere “half way” - between bumping and setting position.
Then you are able react quickly and either pass the ball with fingers
or bump it with forearms. Do not tie your arms together to
the ball because you may have to pass by overhead setting.
High Volleyball Passing Position
Volleyball Passing - High Position
In the higher position, keep your legs only slightly bent.
You will most likely use this technique to pass floaters, since you
have to pass the ball, which flies horizontally.
When the ball floats, it travels high "straight forward" and usually
doesn't "pull down" as rapidly as a top spin serve. So when
the ball travels "straight forward" you
have to “move in front
of the ball”, most likely you can’t get “under the floater”.
Low Volleyball Passing Position
Volleyball Serve Receive Low Position
Bend your knees and drop your hips toward the ground. You will be in a
very deep squatting position.
You may use this technique to pass top spin serves, like jump serves.
The top spin pulls down the ball rapidly therefore the serve receiver
needs to get very much “under the ball” to be able to pass it.
Arm/Hand Position – Platform Angle in Volleyball Passing
Passing Form - Platform Toward the Setter
Passing Form - Platform Toward the Roof
Pay attention to arms: your arm position may change when bumping
When passing receiving a top spin serve or a very short serve,
notice the arms may be placed "parallel to the ground level" - your
platform may point "toward the
sealing" since you have to get "under the ball" and pass the ball "up".
(Look at the 2nd picture on the right).
If receiving floaters or serves near the back line your platform may
toward the setter (fingers and arms may point toward the
ground) and you try to pass with a very small arch - you can
almost "shoot" the ball. (Look at the 1st picture on the right.)
Compare the pictures and you get the idea how the arm
platform angle changes.
Notice also how in the other picture the ball is not passed in front of
the hips, but on the
Volleyball Passing Techniques - How to Pass When the Ball is
Outside the Perfect Passing Range?
Passing the ball on the side of the body
Serve Receive on the Side
Players need to be able to contact the ball also on the right or left
In modern volleyball serves have become so powerful that players simply
don’t have enough time to move under the ball. It is crucial to learn
to pass the ball all around the body.
Passing the Ball
High on the Side
Serve Receive - High Receive on the Side
Especially on the beach volleyball court, where overhead passing with
fingers is not allowed, but also indoors players need to be able to
pass an extremely high flying ball with the forearm pass - in
addition to overhead pass with fingers.
When passing a high ball on the side the player turns toward the
The player may need to take a step backwards with the right foot when
turning to the right – or with the left foot when turning to the left.
Three point passing technique – Knee on the ground
Point Serve Receive - Knee on the Ground
One of the most common volleyball passing techniques is when the player
places the knee on the ground while passing the ball.
In order to get under the ball a player may need to drop the hips very
close to the ground and place the knee on the ground.
On the left side the player may drop the right knee on the ground - and
on the right side the left one.
Overhead Serve Receive
Overhead passing is used to pass i.e. floaters which travel on the head
level or above the head. Some players like to pass short serves with
the overhead passing.
Try to contact the ball in front of your face or above your forehead.
The technique is slightly different than in setting.
You fingers and upper body need
to be “more flexed” when compared to setting. You need to use "more
overhead serve receive vs. setting, so the ball doesn't come
through your hands. The touch is not so soft,
kind of rough.
How to practice these volleyball passing techniques?
When teaching these volleyball passing techniques to players it is
important to practice
them one at the time and pay lots of attention to each technique.
Otherwise players use only techniques they are the most
comfortable with and never learn to use different techniques in the